Parliament and the war
Trading with the enemy
... there are in our midst companies which masquerade under the guise of Australian companies, but are controlled and influenced very largely by enemy subjects, existing and carrying on their operations ... for the benefit of enemy subjects.Prime Minister William (Billy) Hughes MP, House of Representatives debate, 26 November 1914
One of the first casualties of World War I was international trade. Before the war most of Australia's trade was with Britain, although Australia's economy was opening up to trade with other countries. German interest in the Australian mining and metal industries, vital for the rapidly industrialising country, was viewed with suspicion by some. Upon the outbreak of war, 'trading with the enemy' was quickly made illegal; how could enemy companies and citizens continue to make profits through the hard work and resources of Australia?
The transferring of enemy owned businesses and the cancelling of contracts allowed Australian mining and metal companies to expand and grow. Prime Minister William (Billy) Hughes saw a future Australia which was engaged in trade only with the British dominions. This view was not universally supported, especially as many could see the benefits of engagement with the rapidly growing United States of America.
- Trading with the Enemy, Daily Telegraph, 22 October 1914
- Metal Trade, Bendigo Advertiser, 13 November 1914
- William (Billy) Hughes MP, House of Representatives debate, 28 November 1914
- Cartoons of the Moment – Australia's Prime Minister Delights the Empire, c1915, Australian Screen
- Enemy Contracts, The Argus, 15 May 1915
- “Big Business” Dealt With, The Australian Worker, 27 May 1915
- Trading with the Enemy, The Argus, 3 March 1916
- Why it Became Necessary to have an Enemy Contracts Annulment Bill in Australia, reprinted from Statesman and Mining Standard, 1915
- Trading with the Enemy, The Age, 6 October 1917
- Official History of Australia in the War of 1914–1918, Volume XI – Australia During the War, Chapter IV – The Enemy within the Gates, pp 110, 137-9